Krasnoyarsk is the largest industrial and cultural centre of Eastern Siberia, and capital of Krasnoyarsk Territory, the second largest region in Russia by area. It is situated in the centre of Russia at the confluence of the small river Kacha and mighty Yenisei. The town was founded in 1628 by Cossacks under troop leader Andrey Dubenskiy’s command and was originally named ”Krasniy Yar”.
The city is distinguished by its unique landscapes, mountain views, majestic Siberian forest and well-known Stolby Nature Reserve. This work of nature is a series of exotic rocky eminences situated in the taiga on the spurs of the Eastern Sayan Mountains. The territory of the reserve totals 47 000 hectares.
Today’s Krasnoyarsk is a modern industrial city with unique architecture, a capital of artistic and talented people of Siberia and one of the most beautiful cities in the country. As of January 1, 2009, more than 948 500 people live in Krasnoyarsk.
Several years in succession, Krasnoyarsk has been recognized as one of the most ‘comfortable’ cities in Russia. A number of various projects and programs, directed to the improvement of urban environment, are realized in Krasnoyarsk, among which are the following: “My courtyard”, ”Clean Entrance – Clean City” and two months of beautification and arrangement of green spaces “Clean City, Clean Siberia”. In May 2004, drinking water in Krasnoyarsk was awarded a gold medal at the International ”Great Rivers - 2004” forum.
Krasnoyarsk is a city with actively developing business infrastructure. Over 44 000 enterprises, including 522 large and medium enterprises and organizations, are situated in Krasnoyarsk. Krasnoyarsk takes the leading position in Siberia by volume of per capita industrial production. Alongside the traditional industrial sectors for the region, such as metallurgy, power engineering and mechanical engineering, new areas are developing more and more actively. Proposals and creation of ideas, technologies and projects allow the city to maintain its leading position and develop its attractiveness for investment. In 2006 Krasnoyarsk innovative-technological business incubator came into operation.
As a result of the year 2008 Krasnoyarsk took the 1st place among cities of the Siberian Federal District by volume of average monthly salary, dispatched goods and investment of capital.
In the 1960’s, Krasnoyarsk became a major transport junction. Three of the most important transport routes, the Trans-Siberian railway, a highway of federal significance and the river Yenisei pass through the city.
Our city is actively built on. In recent years Krasnoyarsk has been among leaders in housing construction. Year 2006 was a record in the last years: 810 000 sq. meters of living space were constructed, as a result, our city became an absolute leader among republican, oblast and regional centers of Russia. In 2007-2008 volume of housing construction was quite large as well.
To increase affordability of housing, there are several programs for citizens. In 2003, a programme of municipal loan bonds for citizens was developed. The first rapidly erected block of flats was commissioned in December 2004. In addition, the city mortgage programme ”For Young Families – Accommodation at a Reasonable Price“ has been developed. Now the 4th house is under construction under this programme.
The city has rich cultural traditions. Great Russian artist, Vasiliy Surikov, writer Victor Astafyev, and opera singer Dmitry Khvorostovskiy were all born, educated and worked here. There are 5 professional theatres in Krasnoyarsk. Mikhail Godenko’s State Academic Dance Company of Siberia is known to spectators of more than 50 countries worldwide. 40 municipal cultural institutions are situated in Krasnoyarsk.
Krasnoyarsk is well known in Russia for its Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel, for an architectural ensemble of office buildings on Karl Marks street, as well as for its Clock Tower. Krasnoyarsk bridges are among the main sights of the city. The Railway Bridge over the Yenisei, constructed in 1899 by mechanical engineer E.K. Knorre as part of the project by known Russian engineer L.D. Proskuryakov, was awarded with gold medal at the World Fair in Paris in 1900 as the highest achievement of technical idea. Communal Bridge is one of the symbols of our city.
In 2003, a new symbol, the Historical Gates to the City, appeared in Krasnoyarsk. They were constructed at the exact place, where almost four centuries ago the settlement’s history began. In year of the 375th Anniversary of Krasnoyarsk, another tradition appeared – a carnival, which became one of the main events of City Day. The carnival procession annually includes over 10 000 people from creative and labour collectives of all large enterprises of the city. In 2009 a carnival of Krasnoyarsk was acknowledged a laureate of the Russian National Award «Facets of the mass theatre» in nomination «The Best Festive Event – City Day». Other large-scale city-wide initiatives were City Forum and Parents’ Forum. Assembly “Krasnoyarsk. Technologies of the Future”, which unites scientists, inventors, businessmen - all, who are interested in scientific and technical development of the city, was held twice in two years successively.
Krasnoyarsk is a city that has turned to the future. School education is a reason for pride and opportunity to declare its leadership in educational process of the whole country. Successes of schools of the last 3 years were recognized at the federal level under the National Project “Education”. Teachers of Krasnoyarsk are also take leading positions in Russia. More than 300 school teachers of Krasnoyarsk became laureates of various all-Russian competitions in last 3 years. Among their pupils are authors of scientific works, awarded at the Russian level, as well as winners of the All-Russian olympiads and contests.
Significant scientific potential is concentrated in Krasnoyarsk. Right here, in Krasnoyarsk, Siberian Federal University – higher educational institution of the “3rd millennium” - was established. It can be compared by its size only with the Moscow State University. Council of trustees of the university is headed by Russian President Dmitriy Medvedev.
Krasnoyarsk justifies its reputation of sports center of Siberia. 13 children and youth sport schools of the Olympic reserve, 83 federations of various kinds of sports, 70 sport clubs, 8 organizations of adaptive physical training and sports, work in the city. The "Everybody Starts" jogging competition has celebrated its 10th anniversary and the number of participants grows year after year. The Children's Olympic Games, in which pupils of all kindergartens and schools of the city participated, became a visiting card of Krasnoyarsk. Ivan Yarygin’s International Tournament in Free-Style Wrestling is annually held in Krasnoyarsk.
Krasnoyarsk is a symbol of bright victories in rugby, bandy (ice hockey with a ball) and free-style wrestling. Twice, in 1982 and 1986, Krasnoyarsk was host of the Winter Games of Peoples of the USSR, the biggest mass competition of the country. Names of prize-winners of the Russian, European and World championships in biathlon Olga Pyleva and Pavel Rostovtsev, pupils of the ‘Yenisei’ bandy team Lomanov father and son, Ivan Maksimov, Olympic champions in free-style wrestling Saytiev brothers, as well as Alexey Shumakov are known all over the world.
Krasnoyarsk is a city of health. The most important achievement of the year 2008 was that the annual average birth rate exceeded death rate for the first time over recent years. So, over 12 thousands newborns came into the world last year in Krasnoyarsk.
Everyone wishes to find the place on Earth where he would desire to live, meet dawn and see the sunset, study, work, build a house and bring up children. Krasnoyarsk is exactly such a place for its citizens. It is the city providing confidence in tomorrow, a city famous for its remarkable people and a unique history. Krasnoyarsk is a city, which every day enters bright and significant pages of its life into the annals of history.